Environment

Our Environmental Activities

Rehabilitation works in limestone mines of BATIÇİM located in Belkahve area

The purpose of rehabilitation and re-cultivation works performed in open mines where mining activities are terminated may be outlined as making the present topography of mine field as harmonious as possible with the natural topography and then preparing such piece of land for agricultural or forestry use (unless the mine will not be used for any other purpose), in other words seeking to develop the ecological balance in the area again.

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Before rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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For this purpose, slopes in the activity area are arranged with the studies for regaining the fields for nature; holes and channels are opened on the steps and such holes are filled with vegetal soil and thus the area is ensured to have harmony with the environment in terms of landscaping in time as the plants and trees grow.

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Before rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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In consideration of the step widths of mine, channels and holes are opened by means of construction equipment as holes of 1x1m and 120 cm deep in every 4 meters at the end of step for those which are 10 m and wider and holes of 100 cm deep and 120 cm wide through the step as 2 m inside from the edges on the front of step. Since the material is limestone, firstly the holes and channels were broken by means of construction equipment with hydraulic breakers and then the holes and channels were opened again with construction equipment. 30 cm thick soil was laid on the bottom of channels and holes and then 10 cm thick coarse grained pearlite was laid on such soil. The remaining section after this is filled with soil again. Laying pearlite increases the ability of soil to hold water and thus its rate of holding the plants but on the other hand, irrigation time intervals are significantly reduced.

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Before rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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Primarily plants were used that grow rapidly, roots go deep and help vertical drainage and other plants go deep, strengthen the plant life especially by enriching the soil in terms of nitrogen, have the chance to grow in very sunny, very hot, dry, calcareous ground, some developing relatively in a short time and prepare and leave the area to other plant varieties and some supporting each other as resistant to different extreme conditions.

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Before rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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Production of the step which is totally 15 km long will be completed in our limestone mine in Belkahve region and the entire area will be forested. For this purpose, we started foresting the steps produced gradually in October 2007 and approximately 13,20 km of steps were arranged and 12,16 km of steps were forested until the end of August 2009.

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Before rehabilitation
Irregular steps
After rehabilitation
Steps arranged
Before rehabilitation After rehabilitation
Pine trees planted on the step as arranged in the previous picture Melon, one of the covering plants planted at the roots of pine trees in order to cast shadow
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List of plants used in the area is provided below. The plants were selected by a specialized Landscape Architect.

Bush types grown for the rehabilitation field are planted inside the channels opened on the sides of steps. Such bush types are specified below.

Bushes planted on the sides of steps: Lavandula stoechas (Lavender), Spartium junceum (Spanish Broom), Jasminum fruticans (Yellow Jasmine), Cistus (Rockrose) (These varieties were grown specially for the limestone mines.)
In addition, following plants are planted in channels on the sides of steps. Those plants were purchased from market.
Capparis spinoza (Caper), (Cermes Oak), Firethorn
Trees planted on the sides of steps: Robinia pseudoa (False Locust) Prunus amygdalus (Almond), Cercis siliquastrum, Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle)
Trees planted on the bottoms of slopes are as follows.
Trees planted on the bottoms of slopes: Pinus brutia (Turkish pine), Pinus pinea (Stone pine).
Totally 40.775 saplings were planted as of the end of August 2009 in conclusion to such foresting activities.
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Yellow Jasmine Guelder Rose
Almond Tree Firethorn
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Environmental Investments
  • Biologic treatment facility with a capacity of 80 m³/day
  • Gas and dust analyzers measuring and recording continuously
  • Facility and equipment for separating solid and hazardous wastes at their sources and regularly storing them
  • Vapor production by using waste heat removed to atmosphere
  • Silencers for minimizing environmental noise
  • Vacuum sweepers and sprinklers for preventing dustiness in open area
Environmental Investment Projects
  • Project on belt type thermal drying facility with a wet mud capacity of 330 tons; drying treatment mud of İzmir and preventing the transfer of mud to landfill areas, burning the mud in rotary kilns as an alternative fuel and contribution to the reduction of greenhouse gas
  • Converting the electro-filters available in rotary kilns within the plant into dust bag filters and thus preventing dust emission impossible to take prior precautions in case of energy fluctuations, interruption and initial activation and deactivation
  • Electric energy production from waste heat
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Forestation

BATIÇİM, in addition to environmental rehabilitation of areas where it is performing, acts also for the purpose of leaving more green world for the next generations and continues to provide support to many environmentalist non-governmental organizations believing that every shade of green would enrich our world. Donations to Aegean Forestry Associations are just to name them.

We are aware that the protection and improvement of the environment we live in is an integral part of our lives.